Anxiety is an “alarm system” that prevents the imminence of a danger and can therefore be useful in dealing with it by mobilizing physical and psychological resources. But it happens that the anxiety is uncontrollable and that the fear settles for no apparent reason. This type of anxiety is pathological. Anxiety can manifest as anxiety, panic attack, and fear of a certain situation or reaction to a traumatic experience. There are various provisions available for the anxiety treatment.
Generalized anxiety disorder is a persistent worry
Panic disorder is a form of anxiety that manifests itself in seizures or panic attacks. These attacks last from 5 to 30 minutes. Untreated, they can degenerate into phobias. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a form of anxiety characterized by repetitive and persistent thoughts or thoughts, or repetitive behaviors, rituals, such as washing and re-washing hands, checking door closures, and so on.
Phobia is an anxiety felt in a particular situation: fear of crowds, insects, and lifts
Post-traumatic stress is a form of anxiety that follows a traumatic experience: aggression, armed conflict, accident, and flood.
The treatment of anxiety
Currently, the classic treatment of anxiety involves cognitive therapies and prescription drugs. Beta-blockers and benzodiazepines are prescribed for fairly short durations. To treat chronic or recurrent anxiety disorders, doctors prescribe antidepressants: selective serotonin and / or norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors, tricyclic antidepressants, or monoamine oxidize inhibitors. There are natural alternatives to these drugs, starting with inositol, which could be the preferred natural treatment, without forgetting kava, an Oceania plant, for short treatments, and if necessary tryptophan and its derivative. 5-hydroxytryptophan.
Can we prevent?
There is no really effective way to prevent anxiety attacks, especially as they usually happen in an unpredictable way. However, appropriate management, both pharmacological and non-pharmacological, can help to learn how to manage stress and prevent seizures from becoming too frequent or disabling. It is therefore important to consult a doctor quickly to stop the vicious circle as soon as possible.
Basic preventive measures
To reduce the risk of anxiety attacks, the following measures, which are mainly common sense, are very useful. To follow his treatment well, and not to interrupt the drugs without medical advice; avoid consuming exciting substances, alcohol or drugs that can trigger seizures. Learn how to manage stress to limit triggers or interrupt the crisis when it starts (relaxation, yoga, sports, and meditation techniques). Adopt a healthy lifestyle good nutrition, regular physical activity, restful sleep. Find support from therapists (psychiatrist, psychologist) and associations of people with the same anxiety disorders, to feel less alone and to benefit from relevant advice. It can be difficult to overcome panic attacks, but there are effective treatments and therapies. It may be necessary to try several or combine them, but the vast majority of people manage to reduce or eliminate their acute anxiety attacks through these measures.