ENT Specialist Singapore: What Diseases does an ENT Diagnose?

ENT specialists are also known as otolaryngologists. They are trained in the medical and surgical management and treatment of patients with diseases and disorders that affect the ear, nose, throat (ENT), as well as other related structures of the head and neck.

Many ENT specialists also have a special interest and expertise in managing patients with allergies, voice disorders, swallowing disorders, and Disorders of vertigo or dizziness. The founder Dr Soma Subramaniam ENT Specialist for example, has a keen interest in Sinus, allergy, and endoscopic skull base surgery. You may need to see an ENT specialist if you have been experiencing any problems with your ears, nose, throat, or related structures of the head and neck.

What are some of the Diseases or Conditions an ENT Specialist can diagnose and Treat?

Usually, visits to an ENT specialist are for conditions that do not require hospitalization, such as sinus infections, tonsillitis, ear infections, and hearing loss. However, ENT specialists also treat more serious conditions that may require surgery, such as cancers of the head and neck, facial trauma, and sleep apnea. Some of the more common diseases that your ENT specialist can help you treat include;

  • Allergies

Allergies can cause a range of symptoms, from mild irritation to severe and life-threatening reactions. Allergies can be divided into two main types: seasonal allergies and year-round allergies.

Seasonal allergies, such as hay fever, are caused by exposure to pollen or other allergens in the air. Year-round allergies, such as pet allergies, are caused by exposure to allergens in the home, such as dust mites or animal dander.

An ENT specialist can help you to identify the cause of your symptoms and develop an effective treatment plan. In some cases, this may involve avoiding contact with the allergen altogether. In other cases, medication may be needed to relieve symptoms. If you think you may have an allergy, it is important to see an ENT specialist for a diagnosis and treatment plan.

  • Ear infections

Ear infections are common in children but can occur at any age. They are usually caused by a build-up of fluid in the middle ear, which allows bacteria or viruses to grow and infect the area.

Symptoms of an ear infection may include pain, fever, hearing loss, and discharge from the ear. In some cases, ear infections can lead to more serious problems, such as hearing loss or meningitis.

If you think you or your child may have an ear infection, it is important to see an ENT specialist for diagnosis and treatment. Ear infections can usually be treated with antibiotics, but surgery may be necessary in some cases.

  • Hearing loss

Hearing loss is a common problem that can have a major impact on your quality of life. Hearing loss exists in two types; conductive and sensorineural hearing loss.

Conductive hearing loss occurs when sound is unable to reach the inner ear, while sensorineural hearing loss occurs when the hair cells in the inner ear are damaged. Hearing loss can also be caused by a combination of both conductive and sensorineural problems.

If you think you may have a hearing problem, it is advisable that you see an ENT specialist for a full assessment. They will be able to carry out some tests to determine the cause of your hearing loss and formulate a treatment plan.

In some cases, hearing loss can be corrected with medication or surgery. However, it is also important to learn how to manage your hearing loss.

There are several different ways to do this, including using assistive listening devices and making changes to your lifestyle. With an ENT specialist’s help, you can ensure that hearing loss does not stop you from living an active and fulfilling life.

  • Sinus infections

A sinus infection, also called sinusitis, is an inflammation of the sinuses. The sinuses in this case are small air-filled cavities found in the skull. 

They open into the nasal passages and help to filter and moisten the air we breathe. Sinus infections can be acute (short term) or chronic (long term).

Acute sinusitis usually starts with a cold, which then leads to infected mucus build-up in the sinuses. Chronic sinusitis is more persistent and often lasts for months or longer.

Sinus infections can cause a variety of symptoms, including headaches, facial pain and pressure, a stuffy nose, a runny nose, fever, and fatigue. ENT specialists can help you diagnose a sinus infection and recommend treatment options.

Treatment for sinus infection may include self-care measures such as drinking plenty of fluids and using a humidifier. Medications such as decongestants and antibiotics may also be recommended. 

In some cases, surgery may be necessary to open blocked sinuses or remove infected tissue. If you think you might have a sinus infection, see an ENT specialist for diagnosis and treatment.

  • Tinnitus

Tinnitus is the perception of sound when there is no external source of the noise. It can be a ringing, buzzing, or whooshing noise in one or both ears.

It can also vary in loudness, from a mild annoyance to a debilitating condition. ENT specialists can help you manage your tinnitus and improve your quality of life.

There is no cure for tinnitus, but several treatment options are available. These include sound therapy, masking devices, and medications. In some cases, surgery may also be an option.

If you struggle to cope with your tinnitus, an ENT specialist can offer you support and advice. They will also be able to recommend the best treatment options for you.

  • Vertigo

Vertigo is a feeling that you or your surroundings are moving when there is no actual movement. It’s more than just feeling dizzy and can affect your balance, making it difficult to walk or stand.

You may also feel nauseous and vomit. Although vertigo can be caused by a problem with your inner ear, it can also be caused by problems with other parts of your body, such as your brain or spine.

An ENT (ear, nose, and throat) specialist can help to diagnose the cause of your vertigo and provide treatment. Treatment for vertigo often involves a combination of medication, physical therapy, and lifestyle changes.

In some cases, surgery may also be required. If you’re experiencing symptoms of vertigo, make an appointment to see an ENT specialist today.

In Closing

This list is not exhaustive but covers some more common conditions that an ENT specialist can diagnose and treat. If you’re experiencing any symptoms affecting your quality of life, make an appointment to see an ENT specialist for a full assessment. They will be able to carry out the relevant tests to determine the cause of your symptoms and formulate a treatment plan tailored to your individual needs.

We offer a comprehensive ENT service. Our team of experienced ENT specialists can provide you with the care and treatment you need to improve your symptoms and quality of life. To make an appointment, please call us at +65 9856 8391 or email us at drsoma_80@yahoo.com.sg. Visit us at;

Sinus & Allergy Specialist Centre  – Ear, Head and Neck Surgery

#05-01, Parkway East Specialist Hospital

321 Joo Chiat Place,

Singapore 427990


+65 9856 8391