Lung cancer is caused by the uncontrolled division of cells in the lungs. When the cells divide uncontrollably, they form tumors that prevent the organs from functioning properly. These tumors can also migrate to other body parts, causing pain and other symptoms.
Lung cancer is the most widespread cancer in men and women. It is also the deadliest cancer and accounts for almost 25% of all cancer deaths.
In most cases, lung cancer is a disease linked to smoking. Although there are other risk factors, including exposure to toxic substances, smoking is the leading cause of lung cancer. Therefore, if you are concerned about getting diagnosed with lung cancer, you should stop smoking immediately. Similarly, you should ensure your children are aware of the dangers of smoking.
Having a family history of this disease is another risk factor. Men are more prone to get lung cancer than women. Nevertheless, this does not mean that men are less able to fight off the disease. Women are rising in the number of cases, and there is a growing number of support groups for survivors and caregivers of lung cancer.
Another important information you should know is that there are multiple types of lung cancer. The treatment for each type of cancer is different. Those with non-small cell lung cancer, for example, usually undergo chemotherapy.
You should also know that a low-dose CT scan is an inexpensive, life-saving procedure. Several studies have shown that this test can significantly increase lung cancer patients’ survival rates. While there are many types of tests and treatments for lung cancer, it is essential to talk with your doctor about your options before undergoing a test.
For patients with lung cancer, surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or targeted therapies are often used to kill the cancer. The exact treatments are determined by the patient’s age, overall health, and the cancer stage. However, these treatments all have adverse effects. Regardless of your choice, your healthcare professional will adjust the treatment plan as necessary.