Things to Know about Lower Back Pain

The lower back, or the lumbar spine, is an extremely complex structure of interconnecting muscles, ligaments, nerves, joints, and bones. This delicate structure is what provides mobility for everyday motions and it supports the weight of the upper body.

Despite the fact that this complex system is extremely well-engineered by nature, it’s also highly vulnerable to injury. It can be an acute injury or a chronic injury.

When it comes to the most common causes of lower back pain, it’s a pulled or torn ligament and/or muscle that causes the pain in the lumbar spine. A low back strain or sprain usually happens all of a sudden or can be developed over periods of time from repetitive movements.

Strains are very common injuries and they occur when a muscle tears after being stretched too far. The problem is that this can severely damage the muscle itself which makes it harder to recover.

Strains and Sprains

The most common causes of strains and sprains include:

  • Heavy lifting or lifting heavy objects
  • Twisting the spine while lifting heavy objects
  • Sudden movements such as a fall that place too much stress on the lumbar spine
  • Lack of proper posture
  • Injuries related to sporting activities

If the pain lasts for more than three months and it can’t be healed by a natural healing process in the body, it’s considered chronic. Experiencing chronic pain in the lumbar spine is often the result of irritated spinal nerve roots, unresolved injury from past trauma, a joint problem, or a herniated disc problem.

The Symptoms of Lower Back Pain

There’s a wide variety of symptoms when it comes to lower back pain. This pain can be debilitating and severe or it can be merely annoying and mild. It may start slowly and gradually get worse over time or it can start suddenly. Depending on what actually caused the pain, there are different symptoms:

  • Experiencing burning and stinging pain or achy and dull
  • Experiencing pain only in the lower back, or it can move from the lumbar spine down the legs
  • Experiencing tingling or numbness related to sciatica
  • Feeling tightness, stiffness, and muscle spasms in the hips, pelvis and low back
  • Experiencing difficulty walking and standing up straight or going from standing to sitting

Depending on your symptoms, the severity and type of lower back pain, you can try a traditional lower back pain treatment but getting a full and thorough diagnosis is essential to take your next step.