What are the Symptoms, Causes, and Prevention of Type 2 Diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes affects the way in which the human body metabolizes the blood sugar or glucose which is an essential source of fuel for your body. When it comes to type 2 diabetes, your body tends to resist the insulin effect or doesn’t produce sufficient insulin to maintain normal glucose levels. Type 2 diabetes is considered an adult onset diabetes, but nowadays children suffer from this too.

Symptoms

If you aren’t sure that you are suffering from type 2 diabetes, look out for these symptoms:

  1. Increased thirst
  2. Increased hunger
  3. Areas of darkened skin
  4. Unintended weight loss
  5. Fatigue
  6. Frequent infections
  7. Frequent urination
  8. Slow-healing sores
  9. Blurred vision

Causes

Type 2 diabetes takes place when the body resists insulin or when the pancreas fails to produce sufficient insulin. This is usually caused by genetics and environmental factors like being overweight or inactive.

The working of insulin

A hormone called insulin is secreted by the glands behind and below the stomach called pancreas. It secretes insulin into the bloodstream. It tends to circulate that triggers the sugar to enter your cells. It also lowers the amount of blood sugar or glucose. When the blood sugar level plummets, the insulin secretion from the pancreas drops as well.

The role of glucose

Glucose is secreted from two major sources: the food you eat and your liver. Sugar is sucked away by the bloodstream where it permeates the cells by insulin. Your liver preserves and makes glucose. When the glucose is low, the liver breaks down the preserved glycogen into glucose to maintain its normal level. When it comes to prediabetes, rather than moving into your cells, sugar builds up in your blood. When the blood sugar increase, the insulin producing cells release more insulin where these cells are impaired and cannot make enough insulin to meet the body demands.

Prevention

Treat the root cause of type 2 diabetes entails living a healthy lifestyle which includes:

  • Eating healthy food

Eat low fat and calories foods which are high in fiber. You should mostly consume fruits, veggies and whole grains.

  • Active lifestyle

Go for at least 30 to 60 minutes of moderate physical activity on most of the days. Take a brisk walk on a daily basis. You can even ride a back, swim in laps. If you cannot work out for long, always be on the move anyway.

  • Losing weight

If you are overweight, lose 5 to 10 percent of your weight so as to not let type 2 diabetes affect you. To maintain a healthy weight, make a permanent change to your diet and exercise habits, only expose yourself to less stress.